Why Women Pretended to Be Creepy Rocks and Trees in NYC Parks During WWI
Imagine taking a quiet stroll through the expansive wilderness of Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, New York. You`re surrounded by a forest of oak trees, stony ridges, and a tranquil lake—completely isolated and alone in nature. But in 1918, visitors to the 1,146-acre park were unaware that they were in the company of a group of women hiding among the rocks, trees, and grass. The women disguised in special (and fairly creepy) dried grass or "rock suits" were student military camouflage artists, or camoufleurs, of the Women`s Reserve Camouflage Corps, a forgotten division of the National League for Women`s Service.
5,000 Tanks: The Allies' WW1 Plan 1919 Might Have Been the First Blitzkrieg in History
Blitzkrieg is usually thought of as a German invention in World War II. But had Imperial Germany not been defeated in November 1918, the first victims of mechanized warfare might have been the Germans themselves in WW1. Plan 1919 would have amassed an astonishing 5,000 tanks for a sledgehammer assault to crush the German army on the Western Front. Plan 1919 was the brainchild of JFC Fuller, a brilliant British staff officer (and later Nazi sympathizer). Fuller proposed a concept that drew on the growing success of tank warfare in the final year of the First World War. Though the first "landships" had floundered during their debut at the Somme offensive of 1916, by 1918 the British army mastered combined arms warfare that integrated infantry, armor and artillery into a devastating package.
Could you hack it in a World War One tank?
In 1916 the British developed a new weapon designed to break the deadlock on the Western Front. It was codenamed the "water-tank". The pioneers who fought inside them were drawn from various parts of the British Army, and few had any idea what to expect. Before going into action, they would have learned the perils of operating inside one of these deadly machines.
7 of the best World War I sites you can visit
Here are the stories of seven of the most important sites from WWI that you can still visit today.
Two-fifths of Britons unaware Somme battle was in First World War
More than four in 10 Britons do not know which conflict the Battle of the Somme took place in, according to research ahead of the 100th anniversary of the calamitous WW1 offensive. Some 43% of people did not know the battle, the bloodiest in the British Army's history, occurred during the 1914-1918 war, according to a survey by the National Army Museum. 46% were unaware it took place in 1916 or that the artillery-scarred battlefield was in France. And the group that expressed the least knowledge about the battle was the "baby boomer" generation, with 88% of those aged 55 to 64 saying they knew little or nothing about it.
How John Pershing Fought to Keep America`s Army Independent in WW1
Black Jack`s War – How John Pershing Fought to Keep America`s Army Independent in the First World War.
The Navy`s Bloodiest Day: New BBC documentary on the Battle of Jutland
The Battle of Jutland took place 100 years ago and has gone down in British maritime history as one of the greatest disasters of the First World War. That day – May 31, 1916 – saw battleships clash on a scale that has never been witnessed before or since, with 151 British warships from the Royal Navy`s Grand Fleet taking on 99 ships from the German High Seas Fleet. The Royal Navy was anticipating a famous victory in the North Sea. However, it did not pan out like that. By the end of the 12-hour battle, Britain had lost 14 warships and 6,094 lives, while 11 German ships had been sunk with the loss of 2,551 sailors. Never before had the Royal Navy seen such cataclysmic loss of life in a single day.
This infographic shows how the machine gun revolutionized World War I combat
WWI was one of the first truly modern conflicts. Fought mainly along trenches, the war saw the introduction of chemical weapons, tanks, and aerial combat. Thought of as the war to end war, over 9 million soldiers were killed in the conflict and 21 million were injured. These casualties were largely helped along by the war being the first to feature widespread use of machine guns. The following graphic, from Norwich University's Online Masters in Military History program, shows the destructive impact and history of the machine gun on the war.
World War I in Photos: A Century Later
One hundred years after the start of the Great War, none of the participants remain alive, and we are left with aging relics, fading photographs, scarred landscapes being reclaimed by nature, and memorials and graveyards across the globe.
World War One soldier's Victoria Cross sells for ÂŁ318k
Corporal Lawrence Weathers, who was an undertaker before the war, stared death in the face when he rushed alone under heavy fire towards the German lines. When he got there and stood on the parapet and threw several hand grenades into their trench, killing the commanding officer, before rushing back to his position to get more. He repeated his heroics before urging his comrades to join him in taking control of the trench. The action resulted in the capture of 180 prisoners and three machine guns and also helped his unit take an enemy position on the outskirts of the town of Peronne, which was liberated on the same day after four years of German occupation.
Massive Rail Networks Made World War I Possible
World War I couldn`t have happened without Europe`s railroads. Trains were the key to operational success and were the only way to supply the large armies spread out from Belgium to Switzerland. As Germany hardened its plans for war, the general staff sent out orders along the chain of command for the initial phase of its invasion of Luxembourgâ€Š—â€Štake the railroads. At the eleventh hour, Kaiser Wilhelm II postponed the war, but the message didn`t reach one squad of German soldiers who drove into the sleepy town of Troisvierges on the evening of Aug. 1. Germany had invaded Luxembourg 12 hours early.
U-boat hunting sea lions feature in BBC WW1 e-book
A doomed plot to train sea lions to track German U-boats during World War One is highlighted in a new e-book published by the BBC.
British enlisted Indian children during World War I, new book reveals
Britain`s WWI army included Indian children as young as 10-years-old fighting against the Germans on the western front, according to a new book on the role of Indian soldiers in the Great War. The youngsters were shipped over to France from the far reaches of the British Empire to carry out support roles, but were so close to the front line that many were wounded and admitted to hospital, according to ‘For King and Another Country: Indian Soldiers on the Western Front 1914-18`. The account by writer and historian Shrabani Basu is based on official papers at the National Archives and British Library.
Sea Wolves Unleashed - Germany`s First U-boat War
At the outbreak of World War One, the modern submarine was still in its infancy. Although shrewd observers saw the potential of submersible fighting vessels, Europe`s military powers had yet to fully embrace the concept of undersea warfare. And to be sure, the technology at the time was far from perfect – crews risked their very lives simply by putting to sea in early subs.
Sole surviving German A7V World War I tank goes on display in Canberra
Mephisto, a unique weapon of war and the only surviving German A7V tank from World War I, has gone on display at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra as part of centenary commemorations.
Amazing pictures show original WW1 fighter plane Sopwith Pup B1807 on display in Tyntesfield
An original First World War night fighter aircraft – a Sopwith Pup B1807- is due to set up camp in the grounds of Tyntesfield, near Bristol.
The First World War (August 1914 to November 1918) is also known as the Great War, The War to End All Wars, World War I and WW1.
Many of the bloodiest battles in military history occurred during the First World War. In trench warfare hundreds of soldiers died for each yard of land captured. Artillery with fragmentation shells caused the most casualties and made massed infantry attacks futile.