First World War in the News is an edited review of hand-picked World War I (1914-1918) articles - covering everything from the soldiers and generals to the trenches and militaria.

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Secret or Forgotten groups
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From Soldiers to Generals
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Latest hand-picked First World War news and articles

First World War shell explodes at former Ypres battlefield killing two people
A grenade from the First World War exploded at the site of an old battlefield in Belgium killing two construction workers almost 100 years after the conflict started.
(express.co.uk)

World War One: 10 interpretations of who started WW1
As nations gear up to mark 100 years since the start of World War One, academic argument still rages over which country was to blame for the conflict.
(bbc.com)

WW1 German soldier recalls moment he bayoneted foe to death
A series of previously unseen interviews with First World War veterans are to be made available online via the BBC iPlayer. Here is the transcript of one of them. Stefan Westmann was a German medical student when called up for national service in April 1914. He served as a Corporal with the 29th later as a Medical Officer.
(telegraph.co.uk)

Historic wreckage of German WW1 U-boat revealed in low tide in Kent
This is the wreckage of a German First World War U-boat which has been marooned on mudflats off the Kent coast for nearly a century. Experts say it is the only German submarine visible in UK waters today. They believe it could be UB-122 - one of more than 100 U-boats surrendered to the British at the end of the war. Today the wreckage can still be seen beached in a remote area of mudflats on the banks of the River Medway in Hoo, Kent.
(telegraph.co.uk)

10 big myths about World War One debunked
Much of what we think we know about the 1914-18 conflict is wrong, writes historian Dan Snow. (1) It was the bloodiest war in history to that point. Fifty years before WW1 broke out, southern China was torn apart by an even bloodier conflict. Conservative estimates of the dead in the 14-year Taiping rebellion start at between 20 million and 30 million. Around 17 million soldiers and civilians were killed during WW1. (3) Men lived in the trenches for years on end.
(bbc.com)

Nearly 4,000 first world war diaries made available online
First-hand accounts of trench warfare, gas attacks and horseback battles digitised by National Archive and Imperial War Museum.
(theguardian.com)

World War One: Circus animals like elephants helped Britain
As World War One raged, the military purchased most of England's horses and sent them to the Western Front. Many farmers and traders had to find alternative beasts of burden, but none more exotic than elephants. On the cobbled streets of industrial Sheffield an Indian elephant dutifully lumbered along. Her task was important - she had to cart munitions, machines and scrap metal around the city, a job previously done by three horses. Lizzie - as she was known - was used to performing tricks as part of a travelling menagerie. But with the outbreak of WW1 she was conscripted to help with heavy labour, fitted with a harness and sent to work at a scrap metal merchants.
(bbc.co.uk)

Harry Drinkwater's WWI diary paints vivid and visceral picture
"This is not war it's slaughter. No man, however brave, can advance against a sheet of bullets from the front and a shower of shells from overhead - it appears to me that the side who will win will be the one who can supply the last man." That bitter assessment of WWI was written in pencil by Harry Drinkwater in a pocketbook he kept in his tunic pocket. He joined the Birmingham Pals Battalion as a Private at the outbreak of the war, and served as a front-line soldier all through the conflict, becoming an officer and winning the Military Cross. He won the medal in 1918 after he continued to lead a trench raid despite being badly wounded in his leg.
(bbc.co.uk)

The First World War in 100 Objects
A book telling the story of the First World War through the objects that shaped it is to be published. Designed to commemorate the centenery of the outbreak of the Great War, The First World War in 100 Objects features a collection of eclectic items such as a flying helmet, rum jar, Mills bomb and Winston Churchill's cigar. Fully illustrated, each object is put into context and its significance highlighted. The items have been chosen by Professor Gary Sheffield, one of the world's leading experts in military history of the First World War.
(historyextra.com)

World War One in Wales digital archive launches with 220,000 digitised documents
The Welsh Experience of the First World War highlights newspapers, photographs, film and other items from sources including universities and BBC Wales. The National Library of Wales project has digitised 220,000 documents, including telegrams informing people that their loved one had been killed. Oral history recordings from the South Wales Miners' Library are also part of the archive, and BBC Wales has included more than 500 minutes of audio and audio visual material.
(bbc.co.uk)

Never before seen WWI images surface - Photographed by a German officer
A collection of never before seen images of WWI photographed by a German officer have surfaced. The photos were taken by the great grandfather of Dean Putney, who hopes to turn the rare collection into a book. Putney has already created a Tumblr blog with the photos as he scans them in, and launched a Kickstarter to fund the book. In total, there are nearly 1,000 unpublished photos by Putney's great grandfather, Walter Koessler. "Walter was trained an architect and had an expert, aesthetic eye. As an officer in the reserve artillery battalion, he took advantage of tons of opportunities to capture life in the trenches, his comrades preparing for war, and the devastating results of their actions."
(imaging-resource.com)

Unseen World War I photos: Destroyed Cathedrals
Unseen World War I photos: Destroyed Cathedrals.
(boingboing.net)

Archaeological dig begins to unearth scale model of a WW1 battlefield created by German POWs to help train British troops
It was a permanent reminder of one of the First World War's bloodiest battlefields, a scale model of the opposing lines created in an English field for the education of Allied troops. Now a dig to uncover the model built by German prisoners of war which long since has become covered by earth and foliage is set to start. Archaeologists will begin charting the site, the only example of its kind left in the UK, which was planned out in painstaking detail by troops returned from the Battle of Messines on the Western Front, fought in June 1917.
(dailymail.co.uk)

Last remaining ship from sea battle that turned the tide of WW1 will be become a floating museum
The First World War's last surviving battleship is on course to be transformed into a floating museum after securing a Б12 million lottery funding boost. The National Museum of the Royal Navy says HMS Caroline will be opened as a 'world class' visitor attraction ahead of the centenary of its most famous wartime engagement - the 1916 Battle of Jutland off the coast of Denmark. The derelict vessel, which is currently docked in the same Belfast shipyards where the Titanic was built, was in danger of rusting away before moves to restore it started to build up steam last year.
(dailymail.co.uk)

First world war in historic Guardian infographics
A century ago, Europe was on the verge of war. For newspaper graphic artists given tiny space - and only a few years after the papers started running photographs - it presented fresh challenges: how do you illustrate France to a readership which had largely never been there? How do you explain the latest tactics as war becomes an industrialised, mechanised slaughter? This is a selection of how the Manchester Guardian did it.
(guardian.co.uk)

Aerial archaeology revealed a network of WWI trenches on the Hoo Peninsula (video)
Aerial archaeology has revealed a network of WWI trenches on the Hoo Peninsula which could rewrite military history. English Heritage's new aerial surveys have revealed that the Peninsula was once at the centre of military technology experiments in trench design and warfare. A network of trenches has been discovered in the area next to the former Chattenden Barracks which were used to practise trench digging and design. It was previously thought troops were thrown into battle in World War I with little preparation and training, but the discovery may require historians to rethink that view.
(bbc.co.uk)


The First World War (August 1914 to November 1918) is also known as the Great War, The War to End All Wars, World War I and WW1.

Many of the bloodiest battles in military history occurred during the First World War. In trench warfare hundreds of soldiers died for each yard of land captured. Artillery with fragmentation shells caused the most casualties and made massed infantry attacks futile.