History Detectives: Flag's authenticity and South Carolina black regiment (Article no longer available from the original source)
As the Great War raged in 1917, a group of African-American draftees and their white officers (all from South Carolina) gathered into the newly built Camp Jackson to train for the trenches. But before they could be sent to fight in the First World War, racism kicked in. They would not be allowed to serve alongside all-white American units. The solution? They would fight for France. Anne Clarkson has studied the regiment and its most famous member, Medal of Honor winner Freddie Stowers. The entire regiment was awarded the Croix de Guerre - the French medal for heroism. History Detectives will ponder whether a flag discovered by Clarkson was carried by the regiment in battle.
Forgotten: The Connaught Rangers suffered horrific losses in war
The Connaught Rangers was one of 6 lost Irish regiments in the British Army, disbanded with partition in 1922 and forgotten by military history. Many Northerners joined the unit, formed during the Napoleonic Wars, at the outbreak of WWI, when the Rangers made helped popularise "It's A Long Way To Tipperary" by making it their marching song. The Rangers (The Devil's Own) suffered terrible casualties during the war, but also collected 42 battle honours, including a Victoria Cross. Part of the regiment mutinied in India in 1920 over the actions of the Black and Tans back in Ireland. One of the ringleaders was the last man executed by the British Army for mutiny.
New book charts WWI history of the Royal East Kent Regiment
A book offers a new insight into the life and times of the Royal East Kent Regiment, aka The Buffs, during World War 1. Using uncovered material, Mark Connelly explores the lives of the soldiers at the front and the reactions of the regiment to the shock of modern warfare. "There is no doubt that The Buffs were involved in the 1914 Christmas Truce, although it was not the unilateral ceasefire it is sometimes portrayed as. There are no records of regimental activity between Dec 21-28, which indicates there was no desire officially to note what had happened during those dates. This is also borne out by photos taken during this time."
Indian army: first and only cavalry charge of the Somme battle
As the Battle of the Somme is marked, the Indian army also has good reason for remembrance. Two Indian regiments took part in the first and only cavalry charge of the battle but were forced to retreat under heavy fire. "This probably reinforced the increasing realisation among British generals that cavalry charges using horses were a thing of the past," says Imperial War Museum historian Nigel Steel. The cavalry charge on 14 July was conducted by two regiments, the 20th Deccan Horse and the British Seventh Dragoon Guards, who were supported by another Indian regiment, the 34th Poona Horse.
In just 30 minutes the Newfoundland Regiment was wiped out (Article no longer available from the original source)
In the morning of July 1, 1916, the Newfoundland Regiment went over the top in the battle of the Somme. Just 30 minutes later the battle was over, the Regiment had been wiped out and with it a generation of young Newfoundland men. That night only 68 members answered the roll call; 710 had been killed, wounded or were missing. King George V later granted the Regiment the addition of "Royal" for the contributions made on the battlefield. Newfoundland and Labrador`s Lieutenant Governor described July 1 as "an important anniversary in our history."
Historic Pilgrimage - Royal Newfoundland Regiment (Article no longer available from the original source)
The last time the Royal Newfoundland Regiment deployed in force to Europe, it endured four years of heavy fighting, devastating losses and earned enduring respect at home and abroad. 9 decades later, the regiment is preparing to deploy once again to those same battlefields where a generation of Newfoundlanders made unimaginable sacrifices. Later this month, some 160 army reservists from both the first and second battalions and the regimental band will travel to France on an historic pilgrimage. It will mark the first time since the First World War that the regiment will parade in strength on European soil.